The island of Cyprus is divided and marked by the Green Line as the border. The background story about reasons of Cyprus being divided happened back in the early 70’s. At that time, in 1974, a Cypriots group tried to take over the land because they wanted the island Cyprus to be the possession of Greece. At the same time, Turkey also wanted to invade Cyprus and the soldiers landed on the north part of Cyprus, after another Cypriot group gave them authorization. Their reason was to protect the Cypriots group who did not want to join Greece.
As soon as the Turkish troops arrived, they wanted to invade the north part of the island. At first, they took over Kvrenia in July 1974 and within less than a month, a third Cyprus’ territory was attained. Then in 1983, they declared the area as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which is not recognized by any country other than Turkey.
Currently, the one-third portion of the island, on the north part, still belongs to the Turkish Cypriots while the two-thirds belong to the Greek Cypriots. The border area, which is called the Green Line, goes from Morphou through Nicosia to Famagusta. Nowadays, the Green Line is guarded by the 2400 United Nations troops.
In 2002, Cyprus was invited to join the European Union and the UN created a plan to unite both sides of Cyprus. But in 2003, while the Turkish Cypriots approved the plan, it was declined by the Greek Cypriots. So when Cyprus joined the EU, it was still a divided island. Also, the laws and benefits from becoming a member of EU are only relevant for areas that are directly under the control of Republic of Cyprus, which means only the Greek Cypriots hold the privileges of becoming an EU member. In order to get the same rights, Turkish Cypriots are entitled to apply a citizenship in the Republic of Cyprus